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Thalassemia Overview – Thalassemia is a blood disorder in which the body makes an abnormal form of haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. It is inherited from parents of affected individuals. Causes/Risk Factors Haemoglobin is made of two proteins: alpha and beta globin.It occurs when there is a defect in […]


Tetralogy of Fallot Overview – Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a heart defect from birth that is fatal if it is left untreated. The name of the condition comes from the four (tetra) problems associated with it, and the physician for which it is named, Dr. Etienne Fallot. The four heart defects of TOF are:  A […]


Tetanus Overview – Tetanus is an infection that affects the nervous system and causes muscles throughout the body to become stiff. Without treatment, tetanus infection can be life-threatening. Fortunately, it is preventable by the use of a vaccine. However, this vaccine does not last forever; booster shots are needed every 10 years to ensure a continued […]


Testicular Torsion Overview – Testicular torsion is the twisting of the spermatic cord, which supports the testes in the scrotum. This cuts off the blood supply to the testicles and the nearby tissues in the scrotum. It can lead to infertility in males. It is more common during the first year of life and at puberty. […]


Syphilis Overview – Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease. It infects the genitals, mouth, lips or anus of both men and women. It is a common infection and should be treated early. Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not completely eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading syphilis. Causes/Risk Factors It is caused […]


Stye Overview – A stye is an infection of your eyelash follicles or the glands that open onto the eyelid margin. It is a relatively common infection. Causes/Risk Factors It is caused by staphylococcus most of the time. Symptoms The symptoms of stye include:  Painful eyelash or eyelid  Tender eyelash or eyelid  Rapidly swollen eyelid  Pus […]


Stroke Overview – A stroke occurs when blood flow to a part of the brain stops. Within a few minutes, the brain cells begin to die. This can cause long lasting damage. A stroke is a medical emergency and should be treated in a hospital. Causes/Risk Factors There are two causes of stroke:  When a blood […]


Spina Bifida Overview – Spina bifida is a type of birth defect of the brain, spine, or spinal cord (neural tube defect). It happens if the spinal column of a baby does not completely close in the first month of pregnancy. This can damage the spinal cord and nerves. Taking folic acid can reduce the risk […]


SICKLE CELL ANAEMIA Overview Sickle cell anaemia is a disease in which your body produces abnormally shaped red blood cells. The red blood cells that are normally round shaped become sickle or crescent shape. The result is that the cells do not live as long as they should. This reduces the supply of oxygen to […]


SHOCK Overview Shock happens when enough blood and oxygen are not getting to your organs and tissues. It often happens along with a serious injury. Shock is a life-threatening medical emergency and it is important to get help as soon as possible. Causes/Risk Factors There are several types based on the causes.  Hypovolemic  happens when […]

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