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This is the Inflammation of the appendix. The appendix is a small, blind pouch attached to the large intestine. When the opening of the appendix becomes blocked, there is swelling of the appendix, thus, allowing bacteria to grow and causing infection of the appendix. The appendix has no function in the human body. Causes/ Risk […]


  OVERVIEW Lassa fever is an acute, viral haemorrhagic fever due to infection with the lassa fever virus. The Lassa virus belongs to the arenaviridae family and is transmitted by infected rats of the specie ‘Mastomys natalensis’ (multimammate rat). They are chronic asymptomatic carriers of lassa virus and shed the virus in their urine and […]


Yellow Fever Overview – Yellow fever is a deadly viral infection that was common. Since the addition of its vaccine to our routine national immunisation programme, it is now a rare disease. Causes/Risk Factors Yellow fever is caused by a virus that is carried by mosquitoes. If a person is bitten by an infected mosquito, symptoms usually […]


Whooping Cough Overview – Whooping cough (medically known as pertussis) is a disease that causes uncontrollable, violent coughing. The coughing can make it hard to breathe. It is highly contagious; which is why vaccines are made available as part of routine immunisation for children. A deep “whooping” sound is often heard when the patient tries to […]


Ventricular Septal Defect Overview – Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the wall that separates the right and left ventricles of the heart. It is one of the most common heart defects that is present from birth. It may occur by itself or along with other birth defects. Adults may develop it especially after […]


Varicose Veins Overview –  Varicose veins are swollen, twisted, and enlarged veins that you can see under the skin. They are often red or blue in colour. They usually appear in the legs, but can occur in other parts of the body. It is more common among women than men. Causes/Risk Factors Varicose veins are […]


Vagnismus Overview – Vaginismus is an involuntary spasm of the muscles around the vagina. The spasms close the vagina and can prevent sexual activity and medical examination. It is a very uncommon condition. Women with vaginismus often become anxious about sexual intercourse. This does not mean they cannot become sexually aroused. Many women with this problem […]


Vaginitis Overview – Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that can result in discharge, itching and pain. There are different types like bacterial vaginosis, yeast infection, trichomoniasis and atrophic vaginitis. Causes/Risk Factors It is caused by a change in the balance of your vaginal bacteria or a fungal infection. It can also result from reduced […]


Vaginal Prolapse Overview – Vaginal prolapse is a protrusion of the vagina outward. It is quite common in women who have delivered babies. It can affect a woman’s sex life if not treated. Causes/Risk Factors The biggest cause of prolapse is pregnancy and child birth. Though a number of other factors such as family history, lifestyle […]

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